Solid Waste Management in Rural Area
The article presents the results of a study of the influence of Myronivka municipal solid waste landfill in the surrounding rural areas. It is established that environmentally hazardous situation has generated in the locations of the landfills causes dissatisfaction among the local population. It is shown that incorrect use may be the cause of the deterioration of quality of drinking water, atmospheric air, sanitary and hygienic condition of agricultural soils. It is established that the effect of the landfill extends beyond the sanitary protection zone, therefore there is a need to improve its monitoring system with obligatory consideration of impacts on adjacent rural areas. The size of the normative sanitary-protective zone was specified under the actual level of air pollution and natural factors. It is shown that such a scientific and methodical approach can provide a more objective establishment of the sanitary protection zone. In turn, this will provide an opportunity to take appropriate organizational and managerial decisions on the placement of different objects and prevent the negative impact of landfills on rural areas.
- Municipal solid waste landfills;
- Rural areas;
- Sanitary protection area;
- Hazardous substances;
- Phytotoxicity of soil;
- Environmental monitoring
In the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) “The Future we want” of June 27, 2012 a weighty place is given to the struggle against waste . In Ukraine the problem of waste management is extremely urgent. According to official data Ukraine produces about 45 million m3 of waste annually, which is buried on 6.7 thousand dumps and landfills with a total area of more than 10 ha. Footprint of municipal solid waste landfills is up to over 1000 ha in some regions of Ukraine.
Ukraine: the footprint of municipal solid waste landfills .
It is known that the impact of municipal solid waste landfills can cause pollution of all environmental components. The study of the impact of municipal solid waste landfills on the environment dedicated to the scientific works of many scientists. Thus, in particular, it has been studied the question using of epiphytic lichens as indicator of environmental pollution around municipal solid waste landfills developed the basic methodological principles of an optimal collection of biogas, with the aim of reducing the environmental load on the atmosphere . Ghanbari, F. et al., has been proposed a new method of environmental assessment of municipal solid waste landfills . An adjacent ecosystems and ecosystems at large distances from a municipal solid waste landfill due to the migration of harmful substances from natural waters and air masses are fall under the contamination as evidenced by studies ; ; . The study of the adverse effects of municipal solid waste landfills on public health is devoted to scholarly works Mattiello, A . N. Gouveia and R. R. do Prado . K. I., Kovalova, A. S. Yakovlev and others have developed the basic principles of organization of monitoring of municipal solid waste landfills; A. A. Zaitsev, S. V. Isaev and Y. V. Panin created a database of the results of the monitoring of municipal solid waste landfills using GIS-technologies.